It is impossible to imagine a festive table without sausage salami. Sliced in tiny transparent pieces and beautifully laid out on a dish, it is the quintessence of a snack table both at Russian holidays (along with brawn and herring under a fur coat) and at the US (along with fresh Italian loaf, olives and Antipasto salad).
In the Soviet Union, salami-type sausage was usually called smoked or smoked. In fact, salami - sausage is not smoked, but dried, that is, it is prepared by drying, although some salami are slightly smoked, but only to add flavor. This sausage appeared in Italy, among the poor peasantry, as a way of preserving meat for the long winter months. The word "salami" comes from the Italian "fat" - salt, because salt played and plays a significant role in the production of salami.
Main ingredients salami, besides salt, are meat (pork, beef, venison, game, even horse meat or donkey in Italy), fat, spices and seasonings and wine or brandy. The meat is turned through the meat grinder with the addition of fat, the sausage “dough” is kneaded, into which all the other ingredients are added, after which the sausage casing is stuffed with this dough. Then sausage is hung for drying. In the process of drying, it develops special bacteria that increase the acidity inside the casing, and thus the meat inside is “cooked” and becomes edible. After the sausage is well-worn, it is subjected to additional drying, during which a characteristic white patina appears on the skin. This plaque is a penicillin mold that protects sausage from damage.
In Italy, salami is usually called the region where it is produced: Milan, Tuscan, etc. The city of San Francisco is recognized as the capital of salami in America, where Italian settlers have kept the secrets of salami production to the present day.
The tradition of slicing salami into thin slices gave the name to an interesting technique that has no direct relation to the sausage, but is related to the robbery of banks. It is called "Salami method", implemented by programmers and looks like this.
As a programmer, you have access to programs that control customer accounts. You give the computer a command to withdraw three cents from each account each month and transfer this money to your account. The clientele of your bank is, say, a million people (you work in such a small bank). Thus, “cutting off a thin piece” from each account, you get 3 thousand dollars every month. At the same time, no one notices, because these three cents are withdrawn from interest, and who among the bank’s customers can figure out how these interest are calculated? It's funny that one of these crimes was revealed because the bank held a month-long competition on the topic: “Who often puts money into his account?”. The criminal programmer won a tour to Hawaii and a subpoena ...
But back to the holiday. Salami Day is celebrated by eating this delicious product in any form: with bread and butter in the form of sandwiches, as a filling for calzone or pizza, as part of the Antipasto salad, you can add it to the pasta sauce, you can shake old things and cook chocolate »Sausage for dessert.
Usually there are at least 5 different types of salami on the table, as well as cheese (mostly Italian), fresh white bread (better than homemade cakes), Italian chianti wine and olives. The rest is optional.