Do we still know little about Milan and its inhabitants? Giuseppe Verdi - no comment. Adriano Celentano - everyone's favorite, filmmakers Luchino Visconti and Dino Reesi, famous conductor Claudio Abbado, composer Nino Rota (there is hardly a person who would not remember the music for the “Godfather”) are all born in Milan. Not to mention Silvio Berlusconi ...
Cities are quite spontaneous formations and this is extremely entertaining. The village or village lives according to the laws of nature, everything is correct in it, everything is reasonable and explicable. Old cities are the initial chaos that they are trying to lead and which (often successfully) city authorities (municipalities) try to organize.
And for the city is always fighting. Milan originated as a Celtic city (600 BC), and was named after the nature of the area: Mediolanum - “medio” - middle and “plano” - plain, turned out - in the middle of the plain. Then there were battles with the Romans, the city lost and became the seat of the Roman emperor. During the Renaissance in Milan, Leonardo da Vinci worked (the famous "The Last Supper" in the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie). Who does not remember the picture, can remember its "non-canonical" interpretation in the novel The Da Vinci Code by D. Brown.
Then there were France, Spain, Austria - such a tidbit as this city could not remain without invasions and conquests. During the Second World War, frequent carpet bombing severely destroyed Milan.
Now it is one of the most famous cities in the world. And everyone knows his sights or large companies. But it is always interesting, how are the seemingly distant places connected with those that are relatives? And even here numerous historical threads are drawn.
Milan is the birthplace of many saints: Ferrari, Ferrini (all Catholic, very “recent”), blessed Ozanama. And the city itself is patronized by our "common" Saint - Ambrose (340 - 4 April 397).
Of course, the name Ambrose is fanned by many legends. There is, for example, a story about bees sticking around the face of a small child. These bees did not touch him, but simply flew away, leaving their honey in the baby’s language (probably, there is a connection with ambrosia - the mythological food of the gods, immortality).
Ambrose baptized St. Augustine. Having received, together with his brother Satire, an excellent legal education in Rome, Ambrose was needed in Milan (then Mediolaine). He is so needed that he was almost simultaneously baptized and appointed a bishop to settle raging feuds between Arians and orthodox Christians. The authority of Ambrose was great - he gave his property, kept the vow of non-possession, performed miracles. Emperor Theodosius himself was considered to be with Ambrose.
The memory of St. Ambrose of Milan is celebrated throughout the Christian world. In the Catholic Church, the day of his memory - December 7, in the Orthodox - December 20, or December 7, old style, and these holidays are known from the IX century. Our “common” saint is at the same time the patron saint of Milan, and on December 7th is a city-wide and colorful city festival. In Milan, under his direct leadership, two basilicas were built, and now the Ambvrosian Basilica (where his relics are there) and the Church of St. Nazari are in operation, and a monastery was founded. Ambrose was also a writer, leaving behind him books about the sacraments, about repentance, about the duties of the clergy.
"General Christian saint" Ambrose was also a wonderful musician. He wrote many liturgical hymns that have survived to our days - the most famous hymn "You, God, praise", part of the service of the Orthodox Church (in the Latin version of "Te Deum laudamus"). He transformed the church chant, introduced the dimensional tact. Church Antiphonic singing, which he reformed, is now known as Ambrosian Chant.
So not only can we see the saint in the paintings of Rubens or Van Dyck, we can hear his music if we go to a Christian church of any denomination. And separates us from the writer of these hymns soon 700 years.
No less interesting story Sforza Castle. This castle is the residence of the dukes, rulers of the city. In the 16th century, Leonardo da Vinci was attracted to the decoration of the castle, but very few of his works remained.
What could remind this castle? Definitely Moscow. The look of the Sforza fortress was taken as a model by the architects who worked on the Moscow Kremlin, just look at the shape of the towers and the crown of the battlements ...
When Alexander Suvorov (driven out the French) entered the city with a victory, he was probably surprised to see signs of familiar architecture.
Many interesting facts can be found if you carefully read. In 1972, D. Fatrinelli's body was found near Milan. This man with very radical convictions was born in Milan and died there. A rich man with an enormous fortune and an established business, but with the utmost left-wing convictions. The 20th century in Italy is also a century of political feuds, often taking on a completely insane form (“red brigades” and so on). Fatrinelli even tried to save Che Guevara, the Bolivian Diary was given to him.
But the man who blew himself up on his own explosives (according to the official version) is also of interest to others - Fatrinelli was the first publisher of the book “Doctor Zhivago” B. Pasternak. There was a correspondence between the writer and the publisher, and his radical-minded comrades severely criticized the publication of the “anti-Soviet” book. However, the fact remains: the book, forbidden by the authorities of a socialist country, was published thanks to the money of a left-wing extremist and a publisher from Milan.
A playwright was born and lives in Milan, whose play is staged in many Russian theaters, - Luigi Lunari (play "Three on the swing"). Interestingly, in Novgorod this play was staged by the author himself, but not directly, but through the Internet. Lunari led the production via e-mail, sent a translation, and shared his wishes. This is something new in theatrical art, but it turned out. And his famous play is included in the permanent repertoire of this theater.
It is impossible to fully trace all the links between our cultures and history. But they are, and quite strong. In Milan, for example, “Russian festivals” are held, mostly paintings, but this is just valuable, given the specifics of Italian cities.
Milan has wonderful twin cities: Shanghai, Chicago, Bethlehem and Tel Aviv, Frankfurt am Main and ... St. Petersburg. And there are many other cities in the world, because Milan itself is not just a magnificent pomp and glory, but also just a city with its quiet beauty.
“One by one, the days spent on the streets of Milan are flashed on, and these streets will finally become what they are, not overshadowed by either an elegiac memory of the past or a tempting dream of what is to come.” Pavel Muratov "Images of Italy".