Autumn time: dull, rainy, depressing - it's time to give a loved one a bouquet of eustoma, just for no reason, for mood. They stand in water for up to three weeks - rather often wash the stems under running water and trim them a little. Flowers exude a subtle pleasant aroma, evoking fond memories in the soul.
White eustoma flowers symbolize purity, tenderness, openness; pink - refinement, elegance, sympathy; purple - generosity, success, wealth; deep blue - sadness, loss.
Homeland eustoma - South of North America, botanists ranked it among the family Gorechavkovyh. It is impossible to pass by these charming flowers without paying attention to them. The unopened buds resemble a rose flower, the fully opened ones are a large terry poppy, and the graceful stem looks like a carnation stem.
Lisianthus means “bitter flower” in translation, and eustoma means “lovely mouth”. Indians have a legend about the origin of this plant.
Once the spirit of War fell in love with the lovely daughter of the Great Leader and wanted to marry her. But the young girl, knowing the bloodthirsty nature of the spirit, rejected him. And then an angry spirit deprived her of life. The next day, the tribesmen at the site of her death discovered a delicate flower, the color of a clear sky.
In the folklore of the Indians, eustoma symbolizes the innocence of a dead soul. Indians call it a prairie bell. In Mexico, the custom to identify the flowering of eustoma with the arrival of spring has been preserved to this day. Also, Mexicans use white flowers in wedding ceremonies, and dark, blackening - in funeral rites.
In America and England, this plant is often called the rose of love, the gentian tulip and the Irish rose, although it has nothing to do with Ireland
Currently, wild-growing eustoma is becoming an endangered plant; in America, many of its species are listed in the Red Book.
In recent decades, eustoma has become popular in Europe, it is among the top ten flowers grown in Holland for cutting. The daughter of Indian prairies, eustoma, in the eighties of the last century attracted the attention of Japanese breeders, and they turned the blue Indian bell into a tender rose rival.
Cultural eustomes are divided into high and dwarf. Dwarfs are great for growing indoors, on balconies, and high in gardens and for cutting. In a culture grown from seeds as an annual, less often - as a biennial plant.
The leaves of eustoma are gray, as if covered with wax. Gentle petals on their background benefit: they radiate mystery and charm. Funnel-shaped flowers, large, varied coloring. In the large-flowered eustoma, the diameter of the flower reaches 7–8 cm. In high varieties, the stem is strong, up to 90 cm, in the middle it branches out strongly, from which the flowering plant looks like a bouquet - up to 30−40 flowers per stem.
How to grow this beautiful prairie bell?
Eustoma seeds are very small, sow them preferably in peat cups or shallow containers in light, moist peat soil. Flowering occurs 6−7 months after sowing, therefore, the preferred planting time is December-February.
The optimum temperature for germination is 20−25 degrees, shoots appear at 10−15 days. The first two months, the kids will need light, then you should put them on the brightest window. When the plant can be taken in hand, it is necessary to pick a pickle in separate cups with a diameter of 8 cm, in which seedlings will grow before transplanting to a permanent place.
To plant seedlings in open ground should, when the weather is warm, in a sunny place. The first 2–3 weeks it is recommended to cover the plants with plastic bottles. Water as the soil dries, feed with mineral fertilizers for flowering plants.