Amateur print photos had the appropriate equipment. We even had photography books at home.
Printing black and white photographs was simpler and cheaper than color and therefore was more common. In our family, the camera appeared in 1957 - Dad bought the "Sharp-2C". The last photos on our equipment were printed by my younger brother in 1986.
Dad bought the film and with a mysterious look locked in the closet - because the film was refueled into the camera in the dark, otherwise it could accidentally light up and then it would become useless. The film was 36 frames, but the first frame could light up. Before clicking, it was necessary to choose a convenient place, good lighting, set up the camera. For the correct setting of the camera, an exposure meter was used - a device for determining the light conditions for shooting.
Has the film all been snapped? Now you need to remove it from the camera necessarily in the dark. Next, the film was shown. This procedure required chemical reagents and a tank.
The film is developed - it should be dried. To do this, on a string with a clothespeg, the film was attached to the very first spoiled frame.
Wet film with your fingers? You messed up some footage. It must be very careful for the edges of the film. Finally, the film is dry and everyone is trying to see themselves in the negatives. Again, you need to remind: do not touch the frame with your fingers. If the film has frames worthy of further costs, then you can begin the process of printing.
The process of printing photos is a religious rite. You must have: a photographic enlarger, a time relay, a laboratory lamp, a framing frame, a gloss, a photo development bath, and tweezers to get a photo from the bath. They also bought photographic paper and chemical reagents: developer, fixer (fixer) and toning reagents (optional).
Printed photos at night when the children were sleeping. The movement in the house ceased, the window was curtained with a blanket, the lights were turned off everywhere, and those who did not sleep — went on tiptoe. With photo paper and film for black and white photography, you can work only with red light, so the entire printing process took place under the light of a laboratory lamp with a red light.
The developer and fixer are prepared and poured into the baths, there are two baths with clean water. The enlarger is ready to go. The framing frame is set. Photo paper and tweezers at hand. To make a tinted photograph - brown or green, a special solution was prepared and poured into a separate bath. Turn on the laboratory lamp and dim the lights!
The film is scrolling and a frame is visible on plain white paper. If it is of excellent quality, then you can take a big photo. If the sharpness is bad, then you can try to make a small photo.
Photo paper is matte, glossy and embossed in different sizes: from small - 6 × 9 cm, to large - 30 × 40 cm. If there was a large photo paper, and you need to print small photos, a large sheet was cut with a special photographic knife in red light . The paper was immediately hidden in the bag, so as not to accidentally light up - the photo paper is sensitive to light, as well as the non-developed film.
From the package got one sheet, fit under a photographic enlarger. They included a photographic enlarger and a time relay - if there is no relay, then count to ten. After holding the right time, the enlarger and the relay were turned off, the sheet was sent to the developer. In the developer, the sheet remained at the right time - a snapshot appeared on it. An experienced photographer knew how much should be kept in the developer: if you overdo it, the photo turned out dark, if underexposed - light. Using tweezers, the paper was taken from the developer. For toning the photo sheet was lowered into the desired bath. Next, the sheet was sent to clean water - wash the developer, and after that - to the fixer (fixer).
Then the paper was washed in a bath of clean water. And dry. Photos were put on the newspaper to water the glass from the paper. We didn’t have a glossy, dad used a large glass to make the photos glossy: wet prints were glued to a clean glass surface with a rubber roller - face up on the glass where they dried. By the end of the printing process, all glass was plastered with pictures. Usually in the morning photos are easily moved away from the glass.
It became easier to dry photos with a glossy: the pictures were put on the mirror surface of the glossy and the instrument was turned on. The glossy box was heated to 50–70 ° C with a process time of 6–10 minutes — the dry photos fell away.
From early morning home crowded at the table, snatching freshly printed photos from each other. They had their own special smell.
The quality of photos depended on the setting of the camera, the quality of the developed film, the time of development / fixation.
Getting good black and white photography is an art!
I remembered one funny case - lovers of the whole Soviet applaud. Once the eldest of my brothers was a high school student then, he took out a camera. And when he assembled, some parts remained “superfluous” - he did not know where to put them. I solved the problem simply: I wrapped it in a crumpled piece of paper, I thought about doing it later. Cleaning the room, I decided that it was rubbish and threw away that crumpled piece of paper. You will laugh, but the quality of the photos is not affected.
Amateur photos are not of the best quality, but this is not just a snapshot of the moment, but a story, a little episode from life. Photos are small pleasures from memories of childhood, where I am a child, and a number of young dad and mom.