World Earth Day, the history of the institution of which has already been told - this is a "holiday with tears in their eyes." The ecological situation in the world is deteriorating. According to VTsIOM, 57% of Russians believe that they live in a dysfunctional environment, and 78% of residents in Moscow and St. Petersburg are convinced of this. And only 6% of the country's population is counting on improving the situation ...
Among the sources of environmental threats, citizens of Russia most often name:
industrial enterprises (41%),
radioactive burial (38%),
nuclear power plants (36%),
household waste, landfills, garbage (31%),
About half of the respondents believe that environmental disasters and terrorist attacks against strategically important objects pose the greatest danger to the country. And the technogenic nature of a number of similar tragedies makes one seriously think.
Actually, Earth Day, timed at the suggestion of Professor D. Hayes to April 22, first took place in 1970 in memory of the catastrophe that happened one year before: millions of tons of oil spilled out of the pipeline near Santa Barbara, many died birds and marine animals.
And exactly 10 years after this tragedy, an anthrax spores erupted at the Sverdlovsk Institute of Microbiology and Virology. Despite the fact that the Soviet government denied this fact, the tragic event cost the lives of several hundred people who were in the area of infection with a radius of up to 3 km.
Comparison with far more serious consequences of the Chelyabinsk and Chernobyl nuclear catastrophes does not add optimism ... On the contrary, this is yet another confirmation that man-made disasters occur due to neglect of security measures, staff negligence, political and administrative ambitions, thoughtless efforts to save money and misinformation, or complete concealment of information about what happened.
The word ecology comes from the Greek ikosi.e. house. All of us, earthlings, live in one large common house, and state borders in relation to the state of nature are very conditional. They are nothing more than calico curtains hung in the doorways, and the expression “the border is locked” in this case does not mean absolutely nothing ...
Moreover, military conflicts are not a thing of the past, remaining a sign of the present. During Operation Desert Storm (1991), Iraqi troops, retreating, blew up 500 boreholes, and an oil slick of about 1,560 square meters was formed in the Persian Gulf. km In order to prevent a planetary catastrophe, 27 special teams from Russia, France, Canada and the USA saved the world from the consequences of this act for 240 days.
The use of military equipment, even for training purposes, can be in danger. In January 1968, a strategic bomber "B-52" with four hydrogen bombs on board tried to make an emergency landing on the North-West Coast of Greenland, fell and sank under a two-meter layer of ice in the Bay of the North Star.
The bombs split, the radiation was in the water ... But for another two years, the US authorities remained silent about the terrible accident. And this is despite the fact that as a result, 18 people died immediately, and 500 were irradiated. So far, only three bombs have been found, only a parachute was found from the fourth. How many more terrible secrets the seabed keeps in different parts of the world!
But peaceful conditions do not guarantee security, alas. Intensive pollution of the Amur basin by industrial wastewater from China, which began in the mid-1990s, has already led to serious consequences for the residents of the Khabarovsk Territory. The medical examination data of about a thousand volunteers in Nikolaevsky, Ulchsky and Nanaian districts stunned the doctors.
Liver impairment was found in 73% of adults and in 80% of children under the age of 14 years. The number of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases in the coastal villages was significantly higher than in the distant settlements of the Amur.
In some villages, the growth of cancer patients is increased by 10−15% per year. And the agreement on the control of emissions and on the joint use of the waters of the rivers of the Amur River basin with the neighboring state still cannot be concluded. What is not a classic communal type Voronya suburb?
And examples of such - do not count. On the night of January 31, 2000, an gold mine in the Romanian town of Baia Mare experienced an emergency release of 100 thousand tons of industrial waste. This led to an increase in the concentration of cyanide in the Samosh and Tisza rivers by almost 800 times.
The tisa, by the way, is the largest tributary of the Danube, and when the contaminated water flow reached the Hungarian territory, up to 85–90 percent of animals and plants died there. And then the poisonous water reached Serbia ... According to experts, such large-scale damage to the ecology of Europe was not inflicted even as a result of the Chernobyl disaster.
Short-sightedness, and sometimes greed, lead to the death of innocent people, deprive of shelter and harm to health. Who thought of in the densely populated area of the Dutch town of Enscheda to arrange a pyrotechnic warehouse, and even keeping silent about such a neighborhood in front of the residents ?!
When it exploded for reasons that had not been clarified so far (it happened on May 13, 2000), more than 20 people died, about 600 were injured, four hundred buildings in the district were destroyed to the ground. And how many people suffered from asbestos dust that rose into the air, nobody counted ...
According to the UN, in terms of damage, man-made disasters are in third place, but since 2003, their number is several times higher than the number of natural disasters. And the death rate from them is growing all the time. Technological progress, like a medal, has two sides. And humanity continues to pay the price of life, health and procreation for someone's stupidity, carelessness and self-interest.