However, Goa is only a part of India, an attractive showcase of a truly incomprehensible for a European country. India is really beautiful, mysterious, but very controversial.
They will tell me: it is a developing country. And it is true. In terms of economic development, India is ahead of many countries. But a huge number of very poor and illiterate people reduce numerous reforms to nothing. It takes a long time for the country to get rid of poverty.
What saves the Indians in the struggle for life? Of course, faith. India is the land of the gods. Belief in them helps to overcome all the hardships of life on this earth, in this world. For the real Hindu believes that there will be other lives and another world.
In late January, the “Jug Festival” began in India - Kumbh Mela. It includes a pilgrimage to the shrines of Hinduism and mass washing in the sacred waters of the rivers, symbolizing the purification of the soul and body. This holy rite is held alternately in four cities of the country with different frequency - depending on the status of the holiday - in 6, 12 years and 144 years). Twelve years ago Purna Kumbh Mela gathered nearly sixty million believers, in 2007 - 70 million. Last Ardha Kumbh Mela was held in 2010 in Haridwar.
This time the festival began in Allahabad Mach Kumbh-mela ("Great", "Home" Kumbh-mela), and it will continue until the end of February.
What is this festival? The story of the Kumbh Mela refers to the Kumbh (jug) containing the nectar of the immortal amrta. Gods and Demons fought for this divine vessel. The Devas (Gods) began to lose their strength and courage due to the endless battles with their sworn enemies Asuras (Demons) and lost a piece of power on the ground.
Then Brahma gave advice to churn the milky ocean of the whole Universe in order to obtain Amrita, the nectar of immortality. The task was not easy, and the gods had to temporarily conclude an armistice with the Demons. Many, many years of churning had passed before the wonderful Jug with a divine drink appeared. Four droplets of this nectar rolled down to the ground - this is how the holy cities of India appeared: Allahabad (formerly Prayag), Ujain, Nashik and Haridwar.
Allahabad is the most significant city for all Hindus. It was here that Brahma made the first sacrifice. This is the confluence of the three sacred rivers of India - the Ganges, the Yamuna and the mythical Saraswati. It is in this city that every 12 years pahtaniye - purification from sins.
What does this festival symbolize, what does it mean for Indians?
Rivers carry colossal energy that personifies amrita. The waves carry the divine drink to heal the soul of all those who are immersed in these waves of energy. Water lives in the whole universe. The internal and external churning occurs. True believers and saints gods and the universe offer this cup for cleansing their sins. To bless all and be blessed.
This worship echoes Orthodoxy precisely in the part where the soul needs to be washed and cleansed (like Advent and Lent). But the Kumbh Mela in the Hindu religion is liberation from sins with the goal of moving on to the next life free from the burden of the past.
The festival gathers millions of pilgrims who are ready to plunge into the sacred waters of Ganga, Sipra, Godavari, Sangam to free themselves from the vicious earthly cycle of life and death to go to heavenly heaven, where there is no suffering and pain. Believers undress and rub themselves with ashes before entering the waters. Many come with children. The spectacle is grandiose, besides it gathers many tourists who want to look at this festival not through screens and monitors.
Of course, the Indian authorities do not stand aside. Watching the police, doctors and numerous service areas. However, in India and without festivals insanitary conditions are almost universal.
For example, some figures of the festival:
- Visitors: 80−100 million;
- number of days: 55;
- area: 20 square meters. km (4932 acres);
- drinking water: 80 million liters;
- toilets: 35,000;
- Doctors: 243;
- Police: 30,000.
But all the inconvenience - little things for those who really believe in reincarnation. And without this belief in India is fabulously beautiful, but poor Indian country is impossible to live.